The Act both implements and complements the driving time and rest period provisions enacted in EU legislation. The purpose of the Act is to maintain and improve the safety and health of road transport professionals. Another aim is to promote fair competition in the transport business.
The act applies to entrepreneur drivers engaging in carriage in road transport (as referred to in the Driving Time and Rest Period Regulation and the areas of application of the AETR Agreement).
The Act on the Working Hours of Entrepreneur Drivers in Road Transport (349/2013), which entered into force on 1 June 2013, defines the maximum weekly working hours, breaks and night work in transport. The Act contains provisions requiring entrepreneur drivers to record or otherwise reliably account for their working hours and any exceptions to working hours due to technical reasons or to reasons related to the arrangement of the work.
The working hours of an entrepreneur driver may amount to no more than 48 hours per week on average over an adjustment period of no more than four months. However, the combined working hours may not exceed 60 hours in any given week. Any shift that involves work between the hours of 01.00 and 05.00 must not exceed 10 hours in total working hours. Derogations to these provisions are allowed for work-related reasons, but the reasons for such derogations must always be recorded.
Moreover, an entrepreneur driver must not work (driving time and other work combined) without a break for more than six hours. If the working hours total six to nine hours, a break of at least 30 minutes must be taken. If the working hours exceed nine hours, a break of at least 45 minutes must be taken. A break may be split up into several portions of at least 15 minutes each.
The record or other reliable account of working hours must be retained for a period of two years. Compliance with the Act is enforced by the occupational safety and health authorities.Act on the Working Hours of Entrepreneur Drivers in Road Transport (349/2013, in Finnish)