Definitions of different types of machinery

Definitions of different types of machinery

Machinery

Machinery refers to

  • an assembly consisting of linked parts or components, at least one of which moves, and which are
      • joined together for a specific application and
      • fitted with or intended to be fitted with a drive system other than directly applied human or animal effort
  • an assembly referred to in the first indent, missing only the components to connect it on site or to sources of energy and motion
  • an assembly referred to in the first and second indents, ready to be installed and able to function as it stands only if mounted on a means of transport, or installed in a building or a structure (e.g. overhead crane)
  • assemblies of machinery referred to in the first, second and third indents or partly completed machinery which, in order to achieve the same end, are arranged and controlled so that they function as an integral whole (e.g. production line), and
  • an assembly of linked parts or components that are joined together and intended for lifting loads and whose only power source is directly applied human effort.

Interchangeable equipment

Interchangeable equipment refers to a device which

  • after the putting into service of machinery or of a tractor, is assembled with that machinery or tractor by the operator himself
  • changes the function of the machinery or tractor or attributes a new function, and
  • is not a tool.

Examples of interchangeable equipment include the various kinds of accessories that can be attached to mini loaders as well as tables and stands on which hand tools can be mounted.

Safety component

Safety component refers to a component

  • which serves to fulfil a safety function
  • which is placed on the market within the European Community for the first time independently and not as part of original machinery
  • the failure and/or malfunction of which endangers the safety of persons, and
  • which is not necessary in order for the machinery to function, or for which normal components may be substituted in order for the machinery to function.

Annex V to the Finnish Machinery Decree (400/2008) provides an indicative list of safety components.

Lifting equipment

Lifting equipment refers to a component or device which

  • is not attached to the lifting machinery
  • allows the load to be held
  • is placed between the machinery and the load or on the load itself, or is intended to constitute an integral part of the load, and
  • is placed on the market within the European Community for the first time independently and not attached to the load or as an integral part of the load.

Any equipment placed between the lifting machinery and the load (slings, straps and webbing) is regarded as lifting equipment even when supplied with the load or the lifting machinery. Examples of lifting equipment that is placed on the load itself include lifting eye bolts. Lifting equipment that is intended to constitute an integral part of the load includes corner fittings on containers and lifting eyes in precast concrete components.

Lifting chains, ropes and webbing

Lifting chains, ropes and webbing refer to chains, ropes and webbing designed and constructed for lifting purposes as part of lifting machinery or lifting equipment.

Removable mechanical transmission device

Removable mechanical transmission device refers to a component

  • which is removable
  • which is intended for transmitting power between self-propelled machinery or a tractor and another machine, and
  • which joins the machinery or a tractor and the other machine at the first fixed bearing.
If a removable mechanical transmission device is placed on the market within the European Community for the first time with a guard, the assembly is regarded as one product and the guard is not considered a safety component.