Occupational health and accidents
First aid training
Ensiapukoulutus englanti - sisältö
Persons taking part in first aid training should be selected on the basis of their personal characteristics and their willingness to take part in training. In this way, training will lead to the best results when the lessons learned are needed. The presence of first-aid trained individuals at workstations or on different shifts must be taken into account.
When considering the scope and content of first aid training, the special requirements of the work in question must be taken into account. For example, if there is a high risk of electric shock in the workplace, special attention should be paid to first aid for electrical accidents.
If your work involves a lot of travel or you continuously work in different places, such as work involving maintenance, installation or construction, it may be a good idea for all employees to be provided an emergency first aid course. Occupational health care determines an adequate level of training and content based on the information provided by the employer.
Ensiapukoulutus englanti - plussisällöt
First aid training is provided in places such as schools, vocational institutions and the Finnish Defence Forces. In addition, private individuals may, of their own initiative, apply for first aid courses organised by several NGOs. In order to maintain first aid preparedness at the workplace, the employer may organise first aid training for its staff in alternative ways:
- If the employer has access to a qualified first aid instructor through occupational health care, they may serve as a course instructor.
- The employer may order a course from an organisation such as the Finnish Red Cross, whose instructor will organise the course. The course programme is focused on the target group.
When selecting people to take part in first-aid training, it is recommended that attention be paid to the personal characteristics of candidates, their willing ness to take part in training and their distribution at different workstations, on different shifts and in different personnel groups.
A person’s first aid skills can also be determined at the time of recruitment.
The employer or occupational health care must keep records of employees who have received first aid training. The records must show the share of staff who have training, the training received (e.g. EA1, EA2, special courses) and the time of the training.
The general objective is for at least five percent of employees to have received first aid training and refresher training. Accidents can occur in both large and small workplaces. Small workplaces and groups working in permanent or long-term jobs outside fixed workplaces must also have persons with first aid skills. A list of people with first aid skills must be on view at the workplace.
In sectors that are susceptible to accidents such as industry, storage, construction, forestry and agriculture, fishing, loading and unloading of vessels and transport work, the following recommendations apply:
- at least one person with first aid training at each work site or shift where less than 10 employees are working
- at least one first-aid skilled person for each group of 25 or less persons or five percent of the total personnel strength at a work site or on a shift with 10 or more employees.
The minimum requirement may be basic training at the level of the EA1 course and a refresher course conducted once every three years.
The risk of accidents may be special due to work-related risk of drowning, corrosive and toxic substances, and the risk of fire, explosion or electric accidents. In the case of a particular risk of accidents, it may be justified to train at least one first-aid skilled person for each group of five persons, work area or shift. It is recommended that the training is at least an EA1-level course, which focuses on the specific workplace's hazards, and refresher courses are recommended on average every one and a half years.
It is recommended that all electrical sector professionals involved in electrical work, including supervisors, as well as persons who have been trained to assist in these tasks, have first aid training, which includes at least training in breathing and compression CPR through practical exercises as well as first aid for burns.
Under the Health Insurance Act, Kela will compensate the employer for the necessary and reasonable costs incurred in maintaining first aid preparedness. The Finnish Red Cross’ first aid expert group defines the recommended content for first aid training and training requirements for first aid trainers. Any party meeting the training requirements may provide training at nationwide.
If first aid training complies with the recommendations of the Finnish Red Cross, the workplace can receive support from Kela for the costs of the course. An employer should ask about the possibility for compensation in advance from occupational health care and Kela.