All employees who are not already immune to any biological agents that they are or can be exposed to must be vaccinated whenever possible. An annex to the applicable Decree of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health lists biological agents for which there is an effective vaccine available. Employees must not be charged for the vaccines.
The Finnish Institute of Occupational Health has published a booklet with useful information for assessing the need and scope of health examinations and periodic health checks. The booklet is called Health examinations carried out by occupational health care professionals: guide on medical examinations in work that presents a special risk of illness.
Special maternity leave
Provisions on special maternity leave were first enacted in 1991. According to the provisions, pregnant employees whose work involves handling chemicals or sources of radiation or comes with a risk of an infectious disease or something else that can put the foetus’s health or the pregnancy in danger are entitled to request a transfer to less dangerous duties (unless the risk associated with their work or working conditions can be eliminated). If other work cannot be assigned, the employee is entitled to take special maternity leave. Pursuant to the applicable Government Decree, the aforementioned infectious diseases include
- hepatitis B and C
- cytomegalovirus infection
- HIV, and
- other comparable diseases.